Importance of Music and Music as a Career Opportunity


February, 2020


Multiple career avenues have opened up in the field of music. One can become a musician or a performance artist or can choose to be a music educator. Know your options.S

The great violin teacher Shinichi Suzuki once said “The purpose of [music] education is to train children, not to be professional musicians but to be fine musicians and to show high ability in any other field they enter.”



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True to Suzuki’s words, music education presents immense benefits to an individual in the long run and we have several testimonials in our history that prove his words. One such testimonial is in the form of Albert Einstein who is considered this world’s greatest physicist. In his own words, “The theory of relativity occurred to me by intuition, and music is the driving force behind this intuition. My parents had me study the violin from the time I was six. My new discovery is the result of musical perception”. One can’t simply ignore the words of the world’s greatest minds!

There have been numerous surveys and research work done by neuroscientists across the globe to de-mystify the magical correlation between music and brain development. In a nutshell, all these studies have shown that music is indeed very beneficial in the development of brain and when we have plentiful evidence in hand that validates the virtue of music; we are stumped as to why Music is not an integral part of our education or child growth? This pertinent question is now inspiring the educational institutes to expand their educational curriculum by including music.

Music binds the body and mind to work together in harmony. According to various researches, learning music facilitates and enhances the learning ability of children which is inevitably used in other aspects of life as well. Music learning also helps develop the motor social and emotional skills in children along with improving the overall literacy rates as well. Learning to play an instrument includes improving hand-to-eye coordination, ear-to-hand coordination.

Music is a form of expression which evidently and eventually affects the overall personality of an individual in a positive way; creating stronger individuals due to an improved mental health. And it’s not just about the developmental aspects but music is simple and pure joy.

Music as a Career Opportunity

Over the years multiple career avenues have opened up in the field of music. One can become a musician or a performance artist or can choose to be a music educator. And while we all understand the importance of music education, today’s youth needs to be made aware of these options available in the field of music.

The options are endless for a person who has an inclination to build a career in the field of music. Here are some broad categories one can pursue such as:

Musician/ Performance artist

    • Individual vocalist/Band member
    • Music instrument performer in any capacity including brass, percussion, wind, strings or keyboard
    • Composer
    • Conductor


Music educator has an opportunities in the following areas

    • Music schools
    • General music teacher in elementary and secondary schools
    • Band/Choir/Orchestra teacher in an education institute
    • Private music instructor


Radio/TV/Film – Another very popular field

    • You can be a Radio Jockey/Video Jockey/Disc Jockey
    • Music editor
    • Audio Producer
    • Radio or TV promoter for an artist or label


Music Therapist

Song Writer/Composer

Music critic

Music Journalist

Music Education

Mandatory music education is the need of the hour. While a lot of educational institutes are waking up to this call, there is still a lot of ground that need to be covered. Every child needs to be given a primary music education just like other subjects. Educational institutes these days are collaborating with music schools to interweave music education in their current curriculum. Music schools are relentlessly carrying ahead the torch of spreading music education all over the country.

In the present time the courses and programmes proposed by musical institutes have specifically designed by leading educators from across the world that include modern and effective methods of teaching using the latest techniques along with the important and essential elements of traditional music learning.

It’s a long road ahead and the foundation is just being laid. Everyone needs to lay a brick in this journey called music. You be a student or a teacher in the field of music – you will continue to learn, grow and evolve in a better person, a better professional.

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Career opportunities and scope in Gaming and Animation industry


February, 2020


Career in Gaming & Animation

Anybody over the age of thirty will remember the slow start to gaming in general, and particularly in India. But they will also note the stupendous transformation that has taken place within their own lifetime. The definition of gaming has changed from what it used to be just 10 years back and is changing so fast that it is difficult to capture its advancement even today.

Gaming, which was at one time mostly about simple video applications has since changed to complex gaming consoles and now with virtual reality and augmented reality gaining prominence, gaming is almost unrecognizable from the days it began. In India also, even though it took longer for the trend to catch on, the speed at which technology is gaining ground today clearly indicates that the Indian gaming industry is at the point of a major transformation.



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With 1.3 billion people and two-thirds of them under the age of 35 – the world’s largest youth population, India is poised to become one of the world’s leading markets for gaming. This surge is new. India is fast becoming a key player in the gaming industry primarily because we have demonstrated the technical and creative skill sets and a professional aptitude to meet international game development needs, at competitive costs.

Ease of communication due to facility with English language also puts us in pole position among global competition. It is no surprise therefore to see that the youth in India is increasingly seeing Game Development as a viable and serious career with ample room for growth.

The Indian Gaming industry offers a range of career opportunities in varied functional areas including Game Animation, Game Art creation in 3D and 2D, Game Design, Game Testing, Game Programming, Project Management, along with general management positions.

Although, the industry offers a plethora of careers, it is an individual’s choice as to which area they would like to develop their expertise in. For instance, Game Art creation is today a much-advanced field of art that requires a dedicated workflow. Also, it is important to understand that developing a game requires not just the technical expertise but also a very creative mind.

Get the right training and skillset

A developer or an artist needs to have a fair understanding of the usage of toolsets like Max or Maya, etc. The software is a little hard to get by initially, but practice makes it easy. It is also important to note that each area requires different software tools, and one needs to equip him or herself accordingly.

For example, an animator would need to be comfortable with the animation tool-set in Maya or Max whereas a 3D artist would need to have a fair understanding of tools for creating polygonal models in software like Maya and textures in Photoshop.

For Game Design, one could consider undertaking a course at specialized institutes though most game designers are mostly self-taught. Those wanting to learn Game Programming would be well advised to enrol in a good Computer Science program, while learning Game Programming on their own, on the side.

Those wanting to make a career in Game Art should consider enrolling for a Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA) program at a good university, followed by a training program at a specialized training institute. Advent of new technologies in the field of gaming continues to throw up new career opportunities as a shift from one technology to another. Since the transition takes time, new industry professionals are needed to fill up the difference in development models and to cope with new upcoming technology like virtual reality.

Demand for high quality professionals

The exponential growth of the industry has created a voluminous market for professionals, experts and technicians in the sector. This has created a new set of opportunities for young aspirants who want to be part of this industry. There is a pressing need for professionals at different levels in the sector over the next five years to cope with the demand from leading countries in games development space like the US and Japan, apart from increasing demand domestically.

The demand for high quality professionals has raised the bar for remuneration in the gaming industry. The gaming industry today pays at par or better than peer professions, averaging Rs 30,000 to Rs 40,000 per month after just a few months of starting out. Depending on personal attributes such as skill sets, creative talent or other factors, post-employment growth opportunities in the gaming industry are almost limitless.

India has the potential to be the next big hub for game process outsourcing globally and its youth has a phenomenal opportunity to be part of this new world of opportunity.

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Integration of academics, certificates and co-curricular activities is required to crack placements


January, 2020


Preparation is a state of mind and it demands time and continuous practice. The confidence you will reflect on the final day of the interview is the result of all your prior dedication and hard work. At Lovely Professional University, the preparation for placement starts from the very first semester because during MBA time has the highest worth.


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Some tips & tricks to keep in mind from the very first day are the following:


    1. Make yourself presentable: Everything is for the final day of the interview. An interview starts from the moment you enter the room. The way you present yourself, your body language speaks a lot about you. The only way to ace the game of well-groomed personality is practice. Work on yourself, stay groomed and make yourself comfortable while wearing formals.


    1. Enhance your skills: For most companies, the first step of selection and mass elimination is a general aptitude test. You can master neither aptitude nor general knowledge overnight. So keep on practicing aptitude under a time limit. Along with aptitude, keep polishing your communication and enrich it with vocabulary. As an MBA graduate, you must know that effective communication is the key to success.


    1. Academics: MBA will grind with continuous projects, hands-on training, certification courses but under the co-curricular burden don’t compromise with your academics. Academics i.e your technical skills go hand-in-hand with aptitude and communication.


    1. Get your certificates: There are several certification courses you could pick, either online or offline, free or paid. Choose the courses which go with the specialisation your dream company demands of and start burning your night oil to complete the courses and get your certificates. Make sure to be conceptually sound as you can get any sort of questions from the interviewers’ side related to your certificates. Certifications not only count courses, but certificates are also available from projects and internships which add high value to your CV.


    1. Keep updating your CV: Invest an ample amount of time while preparing your basic CV and then keep updating it. This is what most interviewers will have questions about. Make sure to be completely honest while preparing the CV. Any topics you aren’t confident about don’t add in the CV.


The all-over integration of your academics, certificates, experiences, co-curricular and extra co-curricular activities will give you the perfect push to crack any job interview either on- or off-campus.


Placement cell of LPU


LPU has a highly-dedicated placement cell. The university’s placement cell is highly dedicated. Once the student is registered then the placement team puts high effort to polish each and every student individually.

They provide every possible input, starting from extra classes which focus on aptitude, communication and personality development to conducting continuous tests and student assessment. The placement cell of LPU is highly regulated with proper terms and conditions. The students who fail or deny following the policies, they are warned initially then fined and finally debarred from availing the placement facility from the university. LPU hosts more than 200 companies for MBA placements offering the highest packages up to Rs 21 lakh per annum and an average package of Rs 6-7 lakh per annum.

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8 Time Management Skills Every Student Should Know


December, 2019


We have all been there. It is almost midnight and your paper is due the next morning. Are you ready to turn it in, or will you be up all night trying to finish and edit the paper just in time to turn it in the next morning? I you find yourself cramming for tests and not getting enough sleep to stay awake in class, you need to develop some skills.

As students, we need to be sure we have good time management skills. No one wants to pull an all nighter, but without these skills, you will be losing precious sleep. Here are eight time management skills every student should know.


State-Board-Schools-in-Ghodbunder-road-Thane-8-Time-Management-Skills (2)

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1. Set realistic goals


We all think we can write a seven to ten page paper in a night. Maybe we can, but it will not be our best work. It will probably be a rough draft full of errors. Instead, set a goal to get one page done a day and leave time to rewrite and edit when you are done your first draft. This way, you will not be up all night trying to stay awake at the keyboard.


2. Create a weekly schedule


At the beginning of the week, write down what you are expected to accomplish in each class. Make sure to check your class syllabus and know exactly what you need to read and write. We sometimes forget to check the syllabus and end up behind in a class. Once you have checked all your syllabi, form a weekly schedule around your class requirements. Be sure to leave enough time for reading and writing and do not forget to schedule lunch and dinner. Be sure to schedule time for homework and work that is coming up later in the month.


3. Prepare for class the night before


If you do not prepare for your class the night before, you will be running around your dorm trying to find out what needs to be done before you get to class. Take a few minutes and make sure you have read and written what needs to be done for class the next day.


4. Use your smartphone


You can set up appointments or write down what needs to be done and when. I generally try to enter in all of the papers or labs for the semester in the beginning of the semester. That way I know what is coming up. If you haven’t done that, don’t worry. You can start entering things in order to get more organized. One trick I have found that seems to work is to put in your due dates for papers a day or two early. That way when you are done, you still have time to look the paper over before you turn it in.


5. Take study breaks


As important as it is to sit down and get your work done, it is also important to take breaks. If you do not take a break you will not be absorbing as much information. Get up and take a walk. Go to the nearest Nestle Toll House Café and treat yourself to some cookies. Find a Pizza Express and grab a slice to go. Be sure to clear your head for the next round of studying so you can return awake and refreshed.


6. Keep a routine


Be sure to set up a routine and stick with it. If you want to go to the gym before class, do it at the same time every week. Your mind will start to expect it and it will become a habit. The same goes for studying. Pick a time that works for you and study the same time every day. You will get into the habit, and you will not need to look at your schedule nearly as often.


7. Attend your classes


I know, some professors are boring and some classes are dull. Nevertheless, you should attend every class. If you do not attend class, you will fall behind and you will spend precious time trying to catch up with what you missed.


8. Resilience


You need to be resilient if you are going to make time management work for you. It takes time and practice to accomplish this goal. Once you have accomplished it you will be ready for anything.

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Which Legal Structure Suits the Business? Company, Partnership, or Proprietary Concern?



February, 2020


From all the things that you have to consider while starting your own business, one of the most important ones is deciding your legal business structure. It impacts the taxes you will pay, the amount of paperwork involved, your liability in the entity, your decision making power, and the money you will make.

Here’s how you can decide which legal business structure is best suitable for you. Evaluate the following things carefully and make an informed decision.


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Forms of Business Organisations

1. Company

A Company is a legal entity that is composed of a team of people, known as members wherein the liability of the members or shareholders is limited to their shareholding in the Company. The process of how to form a company is straight-forward as companies are governed by the Company Act, 2013 (as well as its rules and notification) along with the rules and regulations stated in the Memorandum and Articles of Association of the Company. Below are the types of companies:

    • A private limited company restricts shareholders from transferring their shares. The number of shareholders is limited to 200. It cannot invite the public to subscribe debentures and shares. Additionally, there is no minimum paid-up capital requirement to start the company.


    • A public limited company requires minimum 7 shareholders, but there is no upper limit for this number. There is no restriction on share transfer. Liability of shareholders is dependent on their shares in the company. Inviting the public to subscribe to its shares is allowed. A public limited company has no minimum paid-up capital requirement.


    • In limited liability partnership, at least two designated partners are required and one of them should be necessarily an Indian resident. Further, liability of partners is equivalent to their contribution.


2. Partnership

Partnership firm is formed by two or more people who want to do business and earn profits. It requires a written agreement containing responsibility, profit share, and capital investment of each partner. Every partner shares an unlimited liability and profit share is according to the agreed-upon ratio.

3. Proprietary concern

Proprietary concern or sole proprietorship is one of the oldest and easiest form of legal business structures in India. A single person manages the business who also acquires the profits and losses. However, the liability of the owner is unlimited. There are minimum legal formalities, and generally, the capital investment is from the owner only.

What Is Business To You?

While selecting a legal business structure, these questions will help you narrow down your personal preferences and considerations.

    • How many people will handle the business with you?


    • What will be the personal business responsibilities of these people?


    • Are you willing to pay dividend distribution tax or DDT?


    • Do you prefer giving employees shares of the business?


    • Do you have time to deal with the responsibilities of a complicated business structure?


    • Do you want a legal structure that doesn’t hold you liable for your partners’ wrongdoings?


    • Do you want to become the sole decision-maker in the business or do you want to involve other people?


    • Are you willing to separate your personal assets from the company assets?


Answering these questions will help you further evaluate what type of business structure you can handle and efficiently manage. It is essential to address personal boundaries, limitations, and considerations of business before registering for any legal business structure. This is to avoid facing issues in the later stages.

Additionally, one thing that matters more than anything else here is to analyze the personal goals of your business.

For instance, if you feel you want to be the sole decision maker of the business, then entering a partnership will not give you full decision-making power. Your partners will have equal say in important decisions of the company, which may be, in some instances, not in your favour.

Analyse Basics of the Business

Once you have analyzed your personal business considerations, examine and consider following factors.

1. Complexity

If you are entering a startup, there is nothing easier than a sole-proprietorship. You have an idea and you know how to execute it. So, you simply register an entity with your name and start your business. In the process, you show your profits and losses. But, sole-proprietorship can pose challenges if you want to raise funding.

2. Flexibility

When we talked about goals earlier, it was because of flexibility. You need to have a clear idea of your company’s future goals. This will ensure that your legal structure is not too rigid to provide you flexibility. For example, LLPs don’t support growth as much as other legal business structures.

3. Liability

In some business structures, the customers and debtors of the company can’t acquire the owners’ personal assets to clear liability. However, in other structures, they can. So, you need to choose the business liability accordingly.

4. Control

As already discussed, if you need to have full control of the business, then there is no better option than sole proprietorship. It is because partnership and other structures will have multiple members involved in the decision-making process.

5. Investment

If you are a startup and you need funding from angel investors and venture capitalists, LLP and sole-proprietorship may not be the best legal business structures for you. Raising funding via sole proprietorship can only be accomplished on personal account or from personal credit. Another option is to involve a partner.

6. Permits and Regulations

Apart from all the rules and regulations, permits and regulations of specific industries are different in different states. Checking the process first and then examining if you can go through the process of registration, legalities, acquiring state permits, and still following regulations, is an essential factor to consider.

7. Taxes

Business owners with legal structure as sole proprietorship have to pay taxes in their personal income. LLP and partnership also involve paying taxes in the similar fashion. However, private limited companies have dividend distribution tax (DDT) too.

Compliance Structure for Forming Different Types of Entities

1. Company

    • Get approval from the Registrar of Companies (ROC) for the name of the company


    • Submit the Articles of Association and Memorandum of Association to ROC, which will contain objectives and scope of the company and rules and regulations.


    • You also need additional documents such as compliance declaration, registered office proof, details of manager/director, ROC’s letter confirming name availability, ID proofs of the members, etc.


2. Partnership

    • Decide the name and get approval on the same.


    • Form a partnership deed, which includes firm address and name, business nature, business commencement date, partnership period, capital ratio, and profit ratio.


    • You need additional documents such as a copy of the partnership deed, ownership proof, PAN card, address proof, ID proofs of partners, etc.


    • For registration of your partnership deed, you need to submit an application along with the fees to the registrar of firms.


3. Proprietary concern

    • Decide the name and get approval on the same.


    • Bank account details.


    • Proof of a registered office.


    • Fill e-application in case of registering as an SME.


    • Acquire Shop and Establishment Act License.


    • GST registration, which can be done via the GST portal.


    • You need additional documents such as ID proof, address proof, etc.


3. Proprietary concern

Characteristics Proprietary Concern Partnership Firm LLP OPC Pvt. Ltd. Company
Legal Entity No separatelegal entity Separate legalentity Separate legalentity Separate legalentity Separate legalentity
Governing Act No specific act Indian PartnershipAct,1932 LLP Act, 2008 Companies Act, 2013 Companies Act, 2013
Liability Unlimited Unlimited Limited Limited Limited
No. of Members One person can form 2 or morepartners, 10 for banking, 20 for non-


2 or more partners 1 Memberand 1 nominee Max 200 members
Succession Legal Heir Remaining partners and legal Heir of Deceased partner with consent ofother partners Remaining partners Nominee (A company has perpetual succession) A company has perpetual succession.
Dissolution The proprietor has the sole authority With consent of partners With consent of partners Legal procedures for winding up or liquidation as the case maybe Legal procedures for winding up or liquidation as the case maybe
Filing of financials with regulatory authorities Not Applicable Not Applicable Financial statements are to be filed annually with Registrar ofCompanies Financial statements are to be filed annually with Registrar ofCompanies Financial statements are to be filed annually with Registrar ofCompanies
Filing of forms for creation of charge (in case of loans taken). No legal formalities No legal formalities Required to file adequate forms with Registrar ofCompanies Required to file adequate forms with Registrar ofCompanies Required to file adequate forms with Registrar ofCompanies

Make an Informed Decision

Deciding the legal structure for your business involves considering multiple factors. It includes your personal goals, company goals, number of partners, business industry, state rules, other compliance requirements, and many other such things. To gain more information on how to decide the correct legal structure for your business, contact deAsra. We can help you select the right legal structure and assist you in other business formalities.

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What is the future of Food Nutrition course?


The nutritionists are trained professionals who give advice regarding the consumption of food depending on the lifestyle and health status. Providing clients with the right level of encouragement and motivation to help them achieve their goals is also a part of their job profile. Let us take a look into the details about the career aspects of pursuing a food nutrition course and the related growth opportunities.


A B.Sc. in Nutrition and Dietetics is a three-year-long full-time course that is divided into six semesters. It provides a detailed perspective on the science of nutrition along with a focus on health, wellness, and the environment. The subjects that are studied in the course include food chemistry and microbiology, public health and nutrition, maternal health and nutrition, family meal planning, dietetics, biotechnology, and others.

Combing the elements of food science and nutrition technology, the course also deals with food processing, production, and preservation. The subject of unhealthy eating habits and rectifying the same is also looked into. Being a comprehensive course, the job prospects offered by it is very encouraging in the present scenario. The program is actually a Bachelor of Science Degree course though it is technically classified as an undergraduate course.


Eligibility Criteria


The course is open to anyone who has passed XII standard with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as subjects and with a minimum aggregate of 50 per cent. A merit list is prepared by the colleges based on the marks obtained by a candidate, and the same is followed for the admission procedure. Interested candidates can also pursue M.Sc, M.Phil and Ph.D in the subject as per their needs.


Other Requirements


In general, students pursuing growth opportunities through this course should have excellent communication skills, along with planning and organizational abilities. A large part of the job involves dealing with patients and guiding them towards the path of good nutrition. So they should also have adequate patience and a genuine sense of concern for the patients. A feeling of compassion for fellow human beings, while understanding their needs is also needed.


Future Job Prospects and Roles


Fitness is a significant goal for individuals in modern life, and a nutritionist or dietician has a vital role to play in that regard. The subject of nutrition has rich demand, and opportunities are available both in the field of academics, private sector clinics, and hospitals, along with the choice of being self-employed. Students can also enhance their growth opportunities by becoming a registered dietician in India by clearing the RD exam conducted by the Indian Dietetic Association.


In general, the job of a nutritionist involves working in the following areas:


    1. Educating patients and the general population about nutrition and the importance of a healthy diet.


    1. Forming a clear demarcation between “What to eat” and “What not to eat”?


    1. Dealing with patients having weight-related issues or chronic ailments like high cholesterol or high blood pressure.


    1. Delivering nutritional knowledge for maintaining the health of children and mothers.


    1. To complete a master’s degree and participate in the research and developmental work in nutritional science.


    1. To join the academic field after completing a B.Ed. Course.


    1. Working as a consultant or engaging in private practice.


Recruiting Companies and Salary Ranges


The employment opportunities in this field can range from being a consultant, food inspector, sports nutritionist, nutrition trainer to a food show host. In the private sector, the job roles can also involve that of a quality control officer, production manager, or supervisor.

The recruitment can come from both the government and the private sector. The recruiting companies include hospitals, catering departments, hotels, leisure cruise companies, food-based industries, restaurants, and government health departments. There are also opportunities available in public health agencies and fitness clubs.

The role of a nutritionist is sophisticated, and it deals with the affluent section of society. Hence the salaries and associated perks can be very promising with advancing experience. The salary range for freshers can vary between Rs 3-4 lakh per annum, and the same for mid-career professionals can vary between Rs 7-8 lakh per annum. For senior professionals, the salary can be up to Rs 15 lakh per annum. As a consultant dietitian engaged in private practice, one can earn even more, depending on the experience and reputation in the market.

The following table will provide an idea about the kind of job roles that are offered and their respective salaries.


Job Position Average Salary (in Rs LPA)
Consultant 7-8
Food Show Host 5-6
Sports Nutritionist 3-4
Nutrition Trainer 2-3
Public Health/Community Dietitian 2-3


Also read: 7 Tips to Help You Create a Perfect Resume for Your Internship Position



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7 Tips to Help You Create a Perfect Resume for Your Internship Position


You have had a successful college career up to this point and you are starting to figure out exactly what you want to do in the future. One way to land a job in the career choice of your dreams is to start with an internship. You need to apply for internships as soon as possible because they go quickly. Here are seven tips to help you create a perfect resume for your internship position.



Make it Short


One of the key things people seem to overlook when they are writing their resumes is length. You want to keep your resume short and sweet. As a college student this should provide some relief for you. You do not have many jobs to list so your resume will be more education balanced. You want your future employer to know about you without tying up too much of their precious time.




Successful resume writers can be found online. You can fine resume samples all over the web. The body of your resume should reflect what you are striving for. Using sample resumes as a guideline can help you hone your resume writing skills to ace this resume.




Highlight your educational career. You will want to start with the college you are attending and also list your high school. If you have a great GPA, list it. Include any classes that will show you are working toward your career. You can add a blurb about how these classes will help you with your internship.




While this might be a lean section, you want to include any jobs you have held during and since high school. This will show a good work ethic and your future employer want to hire interns that are willing to work. You should include a brief description of your job and what duties you were expected to perform.




Any time you volunteered for something you were adding a line to your internship resume. Did you help at a local food bank or maybe played some music at a local nursing home? These should be included on your resume. It will show your future employer that you are not just a hard worker, but use your time to help make the world a better place.




If you were in the scouts or chorus, you should include them in your resume. Any organization you were involved with should be listed. You never know if the person reading your resume was involved with 4H during high school and will be impressed that you were, too. As with scouts, list the highest level you achieved in these organizations.




Research the company you are applying to. You want your resume to reflect what they are looking for in potential interns. If they are service oriented you want to stress your volunteerism and your service organizations. If they are more businesslike, stress your education and work.




Provide links in your resume to your personal website and any blogs you have created. This will give your future employer another opportunity to see who you really are and what you are capable of.

When writing your resume keep in mind that you are writing for a company. You want to use correct wording and proofread a couple of times. Be sure to use a business like font and to keep it short and concise. Show them who you are and what you are capable of. If you follow these tips you will be on your way to obtaining your internship.


Also read: Career as Hotel Manager



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Career as Hotel Manager


Hotel management is a service industry which focuses on serving the needs of its clients. Training in hotel management develops niche working skills which are transferable in the service industries. Hotel Managers are responsible for the efficient and profitable operation of their establishments.



Most hotels have key departments.


Hotel managers


    • 1. Are responsible for the efficient and profitable operation of their establishments


    • 2. Controls all financial aspects


    • 3. Establishes norms of service to be provided to guests, the standard of housekeeping, food quality, decoration and banquet operations



Assistant managers


    • 1. Oversee the day-to-day operations of their departments


    • 2. Resident managers (in large hotels) resolve problems or emergencies round the clock


    • 3. Under the supervision and guidance of the top management work the various departmental managers



Front office


Front office manager


    • 1. Oversees the work of receptionists, information clerk, reservation clerk and other services personnel like bell captain, bell boy and doorman


    • 2. At the reception, the guest ‘checks in’ and are assisted to go with his baggage to the room with bellboys in attendance


    • 3. Front Office Managers coordinate reservations and room assignments



Catering department

The Catering department includes:

    • 1. The culinary department


    • 2. The steward department


    • 3. The food service department



Executive Chefs


    • 1. Head each of these specialized kitchens under whose direction the chef de parties turn out exquisite preparations and meals



The Assistant Managers


    • 1. Supervise service in the dining room and other areas of the operation





    • 1. Head the restaurant arrangements


    • 2. See that everything is in order for the food service department. Under the Maitre d’ Hotel are the trained hotel personnel who serve and attend to the guests in the hotel with drinks and food



Food and Beverage Manager


    • 1. Plans, organizes and controls the work of the catering department


    • 2. Deal with customers in all kinds of dining establishments from small informal diners to large restaurants. The job is very hectic during parties and conventions



Restaurant and Food Service Managers


    • 1. Are responsible for stocks of tableware, linens, paper, cleaning supplies, cooking utensils, and furniture and fixture


    • 2. Arrange for equipment maintenance and repairs


    • 3. Maintain records of hours and wages of employees, payrolls, and taxes, etc.



Banquet Managers


    • 1. In-charge of catering assignments



Housekeeping Department


Executive Housekeeper are


    • 1. Responsible for ensuring that guest rooms, meeting and banquet rooms and public areas are clean, orderly and well maintained


    • 2. They train, schedule and supervise the work of housekeepers, inspect rooms and order cleaning supplies


    • 3. They work with a team of housekeepers, maids, cleaners, seamstresses. Aesthetic upkeep and maintenance of equipment is often a round the clock. Shift duties are assigned to most of this staff.



Floor Supervisors


    • 1. They supervise the work of room maids and linen maids and are in-charge of rooms on a floor



Accounts Department


The Chief Accountant


    • 1. Is a chartered accountant, has a team of accountants, auditors, cashiers and accounting clerks working in the department


    • 2. Works directly under the executive manager



Marketing Department


    • 1. Sales and marketing division works to identify the needs of prospective customers and sell the services which have been developed



Engineering Department


    • 1. Procures, installs and maintains all equipment used in hotels



Personnel Department


    • 1. Personnel departments engaged in the process of recruiting and training fresh personnel as well as providing in service training


    • 2. It looks into the personnel needs and requirements of its employees



Forecasting Department


    • 1. Key role in the enhancement of profitability of business

      Projects growth in terms of business to arranging financial investments is the task of this department



Skills required


    • 1. Attitude/ aptitude suitability


    • 2. Flair for creativity


    • 3. Liking for people


    • 4. Ability to shoulder responsibility


    • 5. Ability to work odd hours


    • 6. Outgoing and pleasant personality


    • 7. Capacity for hard work


    • 8. Flair and flamboyance along with discipline, commitment and dedication


    • 9. Team spirit



Employment Opportunities

Besides working in hotels, the job options hotel management diploma/degree holders have are in:

    • 1. Restaurant management


    • 2. Fast food joint management


    • 3. Club management


    • 4. Recreation and health centre catering


    • 5. Cruise ship hotel management


    • 6. Hospital administration and catering


    • 7. Institutional and industrial catering


    • 8. Manufacturers and suppliers of hotel and restaurant equipment and services


    • 9. Hotel and catering institutes


    • 10. Hotel and tourism associations


    • 11. Catering departments in banks and insurance houses


    • 12. With government owned catering departments, e.g., railway, armed forces, ministerial conventions, etc.


    • 13. In food, confectionery, beverage production industries



Recruiting Sectors


    • 1. All Hotels


    • 2. Armed Forces


    • 3. Cruise ships


    • 4. Government canteens


    • 5. Industries having catering facility


    • 6. Railways


    • 7. Resorts



Apprenticeships after XII


The number of apprenticeships available depends upon the size of hotel rooms and the number of people employed. The apprentices get a mandatory stipend during the training period which may vary from six months to two years depending on what you are training for. The Hotel holds regular classes and the apprenticeship Board conducts periodic tests.


After Class XII Diploma/degree in hotel management


The courses are conducted by several types of institutions – government and privately managed institutions or institutions operated by hotel chains, hotel schools conducting training programs in collaboration with foreign hotel institutions etc. Selection to most of the courses is conducted through an entrance examinations which includes a written test, interview and group discussion.




NCHMCT JEE is conducted for admission to 21 Central Institutes of Hotel Management, 19 State Government Institutes of Hotel Management, one Public Sector Undertaking and 14 Private Institutes of Hotel Management affiliated with NCHMCT.

Eligibility: XII with Pass in English. Selection Merit & Rank in the All India Written Test.


Graduate entry


Graduates from any stream or from hotel management institutes are recruited for training for prospective management positions in the industry by some reputed Hotel chains. There are rigorous selection tests for management trainees which include aptitude tests, group discussions, and public speaking. The interview often goes into several rounds.


Specialized courses


Students passing out of hotel management courses can also pursue specialized training offered by the Institutes of Hotel Management, Catering Technology and Applied Nutrition at Mumbai and New Delhi. The courses are of 6 months/1 year duration. The areas of specialization are food production management/Dietetics & Nutrition/Teaching of Hotel Management/ Housekeeping/ Travel & Tourism/ Front Office & Tourism Management/ Specialized Hotel Management.


Direct entry for trades


Hotels advertise in national dailies to recruit candidates into trade such as reception, specialized cooking, laundry, health club/beauty parlor, language specialists for guest relations etc. Selected candidates go through a short training, the duration depends on the trade in which recruitment is made.


Also read: 10 Habits of Highly Effective Students

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All you need to know about Bar Council of India


For those who want to enroll as advocated with the BCI have to pay an enrollment fee of Rs 600 to their respective SBC and Rs 150 to the BCI.


The Bar Council of India (BCI), headquartered at Delhi, is a constitutional body formed under the Advocates Act, 1961, which regulates and controls the legal education and legal practice in India. The Council proposes professional conduct standards and propriety, and exercises disciplinary jurisdiction. It also establishes legal education standards and gives recognition to universities offering law degrees and also provide the needed qualification for aspirants to enroll themselves as advocates on completion of graduation in law.

The Council comprises of members chosen from the law fraternity in India.

Functions of the BCI


Section 7 of the Advocates Act, 1961, specifies the BCI representative and regulatory directive for legal education as well as the legal profession within India. The functions of the BCI are:

    • 1. Laying down professional conduct standards and propriety for advocates


    • 2. Laying down procedures that must be followed by the various disciplinary committees.


    • 3. Protecting the rights, interests, and privileges of advocates.


    • 4. Promoting and supporting law reforms


    • 5. Dealing with and disposing of any matter that is referred by any of the State Bar Council (SBC)


    • 6. Promoting legal education and laying down legal education standards


    • 7. Determining universities whose law degree provides the needed qualification for enrolling as an advocate


    • 8. Conducting seminars on legal subjects by renowned jurists and publishing papers and journals View All Exams of legal interest


    • 9. Organising and providing legal assistance to the poor


    • 10. Recognising foreign law qualifications gained outside India for admission as an advocate


    • 11. Managing and investing funds of the BCI


    • 12. Providing for electing its members who will manage and administer the Bar Councils


    • 13. Organising and providing legal assistance to the scheduled caste



Eligibility for Enrollment of Advocates to the BCI


The Advocates Act, 1961, Section 24, states the qualifications of an individual permitted to enroll in the BCI. This section stipulates that conditional on the Act’s provisions and the rules framed, an individual shall be qualified and eligible to be enrolled as an advocate on a State roll if he/she meets the prerequisites as below

    • 1. They should be an Indian citizen; a resident of any other nation can be permitted as an advocate on a State roll provided Indian citizens who are duly qualified, are authorized to practice law in the other nation, subject to other limitations.


    • 2. They should be a minimum of 21 years.


    • 3. They have obtained a law degree after completing three years of law course from any university within India that is recognised for the objective and intent of the Act by the BCI. In a few cases, an advocate who has gained a degree from any University outside India, and if the degree is recognised for the objective and intent of this Act by the BCI, he may be admitted.


    • 4. They must satisfy such other prerequisites as stipulated in the rules made by BCI



At present, an individual who desires to get enrolled as an advocate has to rst clear the BCI exam. Subsequently, the person can enroll himself/ herself under any State Bar Council (SBC). Eligible individuals are admitted as advocates on the rolls of the SBCs. The Advocates Act empowers SBCs to formulate their own rules concerning the enrollment of advocates. The Council’s enrollment committee will examine a candidate’s application.

Different SBCs have framed their own rules concerning enrollment as an advocate. Nevertheless, many of the SBCs require candidates to apply together with their law degree and mark sheets along with a judicial stamp paper and necessary fees.

For those who want to enroll as advocated with the BCI have to pay an enrollment fee of Rs 600 to their respective SBC and Rs 150 to the BCI. These payments must be made through separate demand drafts.

Those admitted as advocates by any SBC are eligible to take the All India Bar Examination (AIBE) that is conducted by the BCI. Passing the AIBE grant state-enrolled advocates with a Certificate of Enrollment (COE) that facilitates them in practicing law as an advocate in any lower court and High Court within the Indian territory.

All India Bar Examinations


AIBE is a national level exam which is organised by the BCI and has been designed with fulfilling the objective to assess the capability of advocates who have a strong desire to practice law in India. This examination is conducted semi-annually and tests advocates on procedural and substantive law. The AIBE will appraise skills at a fundamental level and x a minimum benchmark for admission to practice law. After passing the examination, the candidate will be awarded Certificate of Practice (CoP) by the BCI, and they become eligible to practice law in India.

The eligibility perquisites for the AIBE is set by the BCI. If the BCI realises that an applicant is unqualified, then their application will be disqualified. Therefore, candidates must check the AIBE eligibility perquisites prior to lling the application form. The eligibility criteria that candidates must know prior to applying for the AIBE exam are

    • 1. Only Indian resident candidates are eligible


    • 2. The aspiring candidates must have completed their three-year or five-year LLB degree program from any recognised university


    • 3. Candidates must be enrolled with any SBC (under Section 24 of the Advocates Act 1961)


    • 4. He/she should have an advocate ID Card/enrollment card issued by the State Bar Council Some of the other essential points to remember are:


    • 5. There is no age limit to appear for the exam


    • 6. There is no limit to the number of attempts


    • 7. There are no minimum marks prescribed in the qualifying exam



Also read: Growth and Development: Helping Your Child Build Self-Esteem

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Growth and Development: Helping Your Child Build Self-Esteem





Self-esteem is a person’s core belief about himself or herself. A person’s self-esteem is reflected in his or her actions, both in how as well as what he or she does. Although self-esteem varies from time to time, the pattern usually leans toward a healthy or unhealthy view of self. With healthy self-esteem, a person is more likely to succeed in life.

Although building self-esteem is a lifelong process, the foundation of self-esteem is established in childhood. That foundation can do much to help a child deal with difficult life issues as they are encountered.

Keep these things in mind as you raise your child.

    • 1. Children sense that they belong by the way their parents talk to them and act toward them. Show and tell your child that you love and care for him or her.


    • 2. Children learn about how well they are doing by how their parents react to their behaviour. Offer praise to children when they show positive behaviour, and provide them with correction when mistakes are made.


    • 3. Children learn how to work with others by learning how to cooperate within a family. Give your child some age-appropriate household responsibilities.



How you can help your child develop healthy self-esteem


Developing a sense of belonging, learning, and contributing can help your child develop healthy self-esteem. The following are ways you can help promote this development in your child.



Through contact with others, we know that we are loved and respected and that we belong. Use the following suggestions to help your child feel he or she belongs within your family.

    • 1. Show your love. Let your child know you love him or her for who he or she is, not for what he or she does. Make it a habit to show your love for your child in at least two ways each day.


    • 2. Let your child know that he or she is special. List at least three of your child’s good qualities and post them on your refrigerator. Add to these qualities from time to time. Celebrate your child’s good qualities often.


    • 3. Praise your child. Make positive comments about your child’s behaviour. Notice your child’s strengths, even when he or she is misbehaving. When you focus on what you like, your child’s behaviour may improve.


    • 4. Listen to your child. When your child shares something with you, give him or her your undivided attention and listen carefully. Don’t give advice unless asked for it or you feel your child’s safety is involved. Don’t ridicule or shame your child.


    • 5. Have family times. Have regular times for the family to have fun together, such as playing board or card games. Try to have as many family meals together as possible. Don’t discuss problems or concerns you have with your child during these times unless it is absolutely needed.


    • 6. Encourage positive peer experiences. Look for activities with peers where your child can feel success and acceptance, such as participating in a sport or joining a club.





Although learning really takes place all the time, plan to create a learning opportunity for your child at least once a week.


    • 1. Choose a learning activity. Choose an activity that is appropriate for your child’s age and that builds on his or her strengths. If the activity might be dangerous or difficult, let your child know without over stressing it. Help him or her think of ways to deal with these obstacles. You might invite your child to help with one of your chores or hobbies. If you do, be sure that you are not feeling rushed during the activity. Let it be a fun time.


    • 2. Let your child try. Even if your child has difficulty with a new task or skill, don’t quickly take over and show him or her how to do it. Be patient and let your child try.


    • 3. Break up a complex task. Simple steps help a child see progress when learning a complex skill. Don’t embarrass your child by asking him or her to do difficult tasks in front of other people.


    • 4. Praise accomplishments. Even if the completed work does not meet your standard, find at least one positive thing to say.


    • 5. Encourage practice. When your child is learning a new skill that takes practice, such as riding a bicycle, don’t expect perfection the first time. Help your child to not give up on the first try. Encourage your child to practice and talk about his or her improvement with each practice time.





Contributing enhances our feelings of belonging, providing the basis for continued learning and strengthening of self-esteem. Every day, use the following suggestions to help your child feel that he or she is contributing.

    • 1. Set family rules. Family rules help children know that the family stands for something and gives them exposure to order and ritual. Have as few family rules as possible and enforce them consistently. Write down ( What is a PDF document? ) your family’s rules and the consequences if those rules are broken.


    • 2. Invite cooperation. Regular family meetings are a way to help children learn to cooperate. Family meetings are a place where family members discuss concerns and problems


    • 3. Expect accountability. You can help your child learn to be responsible by assigning him or her some household chores. Make sure the chores are appropriate for your child’s age. As your child grows, hold your child accountable for his or her choices and behaviour and let your child experience natural or logical consequences.


    • 4. Express appreciation. Let your child know you appreciate his or her help with tasks, even household chores. You may want to keep a journal when you are starting to use this method. Each day for at least 3 weeks, write in your journal specifically how you helped your child develop a sense of belonging, learning, and contributing. Keeping a journal for an extended period of time will help encourage positive behaviour . After 3 weeks, review your notes to see your child’s progress and to identify new ways to help your child.



Also read: What are the career options after completing MSc?

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